CBSE UGC NET Sociology

CBSE UGC NET Sociology (Code # 05)

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For CBSE UGC NET Sociology paper, there are two question papers, CBSE (UGC) NET Paper II and Paper III.


CBSE (UGC) NET Sociology Paper II covers 50 Objective Type Compulsory Questions (Multiple choice, Matching type. True and False, Assert-Reasoning type) carrying 100 marks.


CBSE (UGC) NET Sociology Paper III has 75 Compulsory Questions carrying 150 marks.


CBSE (UGC) NET Sociology Paper II

Sociological Concepts


  • Nature of Sociology: Definition, Sociological Perspective.
  • Basic Concepts: Community Institution Association Culture.
  • Norms and Values.
  • Social Structure: Status and role, their interrelationship. Multiple roles, Role set. Status set, Status sequence. Role conflict.
  • Social Group Meaning: Types; Primary-Secondary, Formal-Informal, Ingroup-Outgroup, Reference group.
  • Social Institutions Marriage: Family, Education, Economy, Polity, Religion.
  • Socialization: Socialization, Re-socialization, Anticipatory socialization, Adult socialization Agencies of socialization Theories of socialization.
  • Social Stratification: Social differentiation, Hierarchy and Inequality Forms of stratification: Caste, Class, Gender, Ethnic Theories of social stratification Social mobility.
  • Social Change: Concepts and Types: Evolution, Diffusion, Progress, Revolution, Transformation, Change in structure and Change of structure Theories: Dialectical and Cyclical.
  • Sociological Theory:
    • Structural: Nadel, Radclifife, Brown, Levi-Strauss.
    • Functional: Malinowski, Durkheim, Parsons, Merton.
    • Interactionist: Social action: Max Weber, Pareto.
    • Symbolic Interactionism: G H Mead, Blumer
    • Conflict: Karl Marx, Dahrendorf, Coser, Collins.
  • Methodology
    • Meaning and Nature of Social Research
    • Nature of social phenomena
    • The scientific method
    • The problems in the study of social phenomena: Objectivity and subjectivity, fact and value.
    • Quantitative Methods Survey, Research Design and its types, Hypothesis Sampling, Techniques of data collection: Observation, Questionnaire, Schedule, Interview.
    • Qualitative Methods: Participant observation, Case study, Content analysis, Oral history, Life history.
    • Statistics in Social Research: Measures of Central Tendency(Mean, Median, Mode), Measures of dispersion, Correlational analysis, Test of significance, Reliability and Validity.


CBSE (UGC) NET Sociology Paper III


  • Phenomenology and Ethnomethodology: Alfred Shultz, Peter Berger and Luckmann Garfinkel and Goffman.



  • Heo-functionalism and Neo-Mawdsm: J Alexander, Habermass, Althusser.



  • Structurisation and Post-Modernism: Giddens, Derrida, Foucault.



  • Conceptualising Indian Society: Peoples of India: Groups and Communities, Unity in diversity, Cultural diversity: Regional, linguistic, religious and tribal.



  • Theoretical Perspectives:
    • Indological/Textual Perspective: G. S. Ghurye, Louis Dumont.
    • Structural-Functional Perspective: M. M. N. Srinivas, S. C. Dube.
    • Marxian Perspective: D P Mukherjee, A R Desai.
    • Civilisational Perspective: N. K. Bose, Surajit Sinha.
    • Subaltern Perspective: B R Ambedkar, David Hardiman.



  • Contemporary Issues
    • Socio-cultural: Poverty, Inequality of caste and gender, Regional, ethnic and religious disharmonies. Family disharmony: Domestic violence Dowry Divorce Intergenerational conflict.


  • Contemporary Issues
    • Developmental Population Regional disparity Slums, Displacement, Ecological degradation and environmental pollution, Health problems.



  • Issues Pertaining to Deviance
    • Deviance and its forms, Crime and delinquency, White collar crime and corruption, Changing profile of crime and criminals, Drug addiction, Suicide.



  • Current Debates: Tradition and Modernity in India. Problems of Nation Building: Secularism, Pluralism and Nation building.


  • The Challenges of Globalisation: Indianisation of Sociology, Privatisation of Education, Science and Technology Policy of India


  • Rural Sociology, Approaches to the study of Rural Society: Rural-Urban differences, Rurbanism, Peasant studies, Agrarian Institutions: Land ownership and its types. Agrarian relations and Mode of production debate. Jajmani system and Jajmani relations. Agrarian class structure. Panchayati Raj System: Panchayat before and after 73rd Amendment. Rural Leadership and Factionalism. Empowerment of people, Social Issues and Strategies for Rural Development: Bonded and Migrant labourers. Pauperization and Depeasantisation. Agrarian unrest and Peasant movements. Rural Development and Change: Trends of changes in rural society. Processes of change: Migration-Rural to Urban and Rural to Rural Mobility: Social/Economic. Factors of change.
  • Industry and Society, Industrial Society in the Classical Sociological Tradition: Division of labour Bureaucracy, Rationality, Production relations, Surplus value, Alienation, Industry and Society: Factory as a social system, Formal and informal organization, Impact of social structure on industry, Impact of industry on society, Industrial Relations: Changing profile of labour. Changing labour-management relations. Conciliation, adjudication, arbitration. Collective bargaining. Trade unions. Workers’ participation in management (Joint Management Councils). Quality circles. Industrialisation and Social Change in India: Impact of industrialization on family, education and stratification. Class and class conflict in industrial society. Obstacles to and limitations of industrialization. Industrial Planning: Industrial Policy Labour legislation Human relations in industry.
  • Sociology of Development, Conceptual Perspectives on Development: Economic growth, Human development, Social development, Sustainable development: Ecological and Social Theories of Underdevelopment: Liberal: Max Weber, Gunnar Myrdal. Dependency: Centre-periphery (Frank), Uneven development (Samir Amin), World-system (Wallerstein). Paths of Development: Modernisation, Globalisation Socialist Mixed Gandhian Social Structure and Development: Social structure as a facilitator/inhibitor Development and socio-economic disparities. Gender and development. Culture and Development: Culture as an aid/impediment. Development and displacement of tradition. Development and upsurge of ethnic movements.
  • Population and Society, Theories of Population Growth: Malthusian. Demographic transition. Population Growth and Distribution in India: Growth of Indian population since 1901. Determinants of population. Concepts of Fertility, Mortality, Morbidity and Migration: Age and Sex composition and its consequences. Determinants of fertility. Determinants of mortality, infant, child and maternal mortality Morbidity rates. Determinants and consequences of migration. Population and Development: Population as a constraint on and a resource for development. Socio-cultural factors affecting population growth. Population Control: Population policy: Problems and perspectives Population education Measures taken for population control.
  • Gender and Society Gender as a Social Construct: Models of Gendered socialisation. Cultural symbolism and general roles. Social Structure and Gender Inequality: Patriarchy and Matriarchy. Division of Labour-Production and reproduction. Theories of Gender Relations: Liberalist Radical Socialist Post-modernist Gender and Development: Effect of development policies on gender relations. Perspectives on gender and development-Welfarist, Develop-mentalist Empowerment. Women and Development in India: Indicators of women’s status: Demographic, social, economic and cultural. Special schemes and strategies for women’s development. Voluntary sector and women’s development. Globalisation and women’s development Eco-feminism.


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